Workshop Descriptions & Presenter Bio's 2011


WORKSHOPS September 24 & 25 2011!   


, Dean
I first started building passive solar homes in the 1970's.  In subsequent years I became a custom home builder and home renovator and building many energy-efficient homes in the Thousand Islands area and along Lake Ontario.  I specialize in natural homes that use natural elements like the sun to heat them, breezes to cool them, and earthen materials to build them.  I incorporate permaculture, natural and edible landscapes in our homestead designs.  I teach workshops on natural design, as well as sociology at local community colleges.  I am also a family therapist specializing in ecopsychology.

Strawbale Solar Living
This workshop will discuss designing, building and living in a strawbale passive solar off-grid home.  It will incorporate a discussion of the affordable solar strategies that are available to builders now, as well as cost-effective strategies to build new homes and renovate existing homes.  The role of energy efficiency, passive solar design, high thermal mass, low cost solar electric and hot water systems, and natural design and materials will be emphasized.  Dean will discuss the role of permaculture principles in his designs, specifically to notice how nature heats and cools items in order to use those principles to heat and cool our homes.  Typically his homes do not need central heating and cooling systems because the heating load is so low.

Bartlett, Jerry aka "Crazy Jerry"
Crazy Jerry is “just a normal Northern NY recluse with a side order of ambition."  He says, "Make plans to come to the Festival. You definitely won't see any of this on TV!" 

New this Festival is Crazy Jerry's  hotttt  yellow 
human-electric hybrid full-bodied tricycle
"The Aurora Project."

Come check it out on Saturday!
(weather permitting)

9 Main Street: The Little House That Could
Building on a "doing more with less" theme, Crazy Jerry is turning up the heat at this year's Sustainable Living Festival. On or off the grid, this session will show creative ways to jujitsu your energy bill. Along with energy bizarre ideas from 9 Main Street, this year you will see how a home-brew 115 mpg diesel motorcycle now has some serious viable competition. Want a hint? How about a sleek, sexy, and loooow, lithium-powered egg!"


Beeler, Ellen

Ellen began practicing yoga in 1999 (on the advice of her doctor) to address joint problems and pain associated with aging and arthritis.  And yes, she does feel MUCH more agile now that she has been practicing regularly!  In addition, she has learned that yoga can enhance every facet of life, not just the physical.  "Yoga has helped me become a happier, healthier and more balanced person in every respect."  At the Canton Yoga Loft, Ellen teaches 50+ Yoga and Hatha Yoga.  She also teaches yoga classes at several other locations in the North Country.  Ellen completed her Hatha Yoga teacher certification in Colorado in 2007 and continues to take annual refresher courses.  She is also certified to teach Liz Franklin's Yoga in Chairs
®, a specialized program for bringing yoga to seniors and other people with mobility limitations. 

Yoga for Beginners

This is a short introductory yoga class, geared to people with little or no previous yoga experience.  No need to be flexible.  Every body can enjoy this class.


Bennett, Ann and Brian
We started farming part time in 1985 in West Baldwin, Maine.  Brian is from a family of farmers, and Ann grew up in suburbia.  In 1998, we made the decision to move to St. Lawrence County -- while our children were still young -- and farm full time.  We love the community here and hope to contribute with others as much as the community has given us.  We are organic by economic circumstance and choice.

So You Want to Be a Farmer?

Ann and Brian will talk about their transition from part-time to full-time farming, what they discovered along the way, and how their different backgrounds led to some interesting learning experiences.


Bentley, Richard

I have a formal education in Physics and Mathematics and an informal education in building construction that began in early childhood.  I built my first complete structure at the age of 14.  The building still stands today on the family property.  I have earned patents on the TEC system (1976), a cross-country ski binding, a unique approach to honey production, and a chemical test device.  My cross-country ski binding has been used at both the North and South Poles.  I have been writing computer software since 1978,and a program I wrote many years ago is currently being used by a US government contractor.  People all over the world continue to buy my Railbike Plans.  A paper I wrote for an Energy-Engineering conference nearly 20 years ago describes a simple approach to calculating cost/benefit for alternative technologies.  I am published (Ecological Modelling 2004) for theoretical work in population dynamics.  This work is currently being taught at a local university.  If you Google my email address (bentley[AT], you will find links to additional exploits.

Thermal Efficiency Construction--a Low-cost Way to Build Superinsulated Homes

I will describe the system, taking time to explain the benefits at each step, seasoned well with encouragement of questions from the attendees.  I will use photos of a TEC building taken during the various stages of construction, and I will further demonstrate the system using a 1:10 scale model of the TEC system.


Bentley-Garfinkel, Sarah
Among the many hats she wears, Sarah is Vice President of the Board of Directors for GardenShare, a member of the team for the Canton Central School Garden Project--now in its third year--and the local contact for the Healthy Schools NY Initiative.

French Fries and the Food System: A Workshop for Tweens & Teens Only!

Where'd your breakfast come from?  How'd that french fry end up on your tray, and who put it there?  Together we'll explore our food's journey from farm to table and every stop in between.  And we'll ask, "What say do I have in what I eat?"  Join GardenShare for this workshop based on activities from the well-reviewed book French Fries & the Food System.


Buchanan, Brent

I was raised on a producer-dealership dairy farm and have been employed by Cornell Cooperative Extension of St. Lawrence County as the Animal Science Specialist for the last 15 years.  My family has raised beef for our own table for the last six years or so.

Multi-species Grazing to Get the Most out of Your Pasture

Grazing sheep and beef cattle together can benefit both species and improve pasture utilization.  Betsy Hodge joins me as we report on our multi-species grazing project conducted at the Extension Learning Farm during the summer of 2011.  See the actual fencing, animals and results.

Raising Beef for the Family
This workshop will cover the basics of acquiring a calf destined for beef, housing, health, handling, managing, feeding, finding processing and most things in between.  The entire process is quite simple, but a few tips and guidance in the correct direction can save you money, time, and disappointment.



Bullwinkel, Matt
Matt has taught a variety of courses in physics, engineering science, materials science, computers, instrumentation, and control, as well as some of the Alternative and Renewable Energy Systems (ARES) and Facilities Management programs at SUNY Canton.  He and his wife are also in a band that makes music for contradances and ballroom dancing.

Solar Water Heating
The sun's energy is renewable, so it makes sense to try to capture its power to heat our water for many uses.  Join Matt as he explains the how-to's for doing this at home.

Bio-Diesel 101
Matt describes the preparation and uses of bio-diesel and invites the participants to ask questions about renewable fuels. 


Alison Clarke is retired from coordinating for 25 years an organization in Rochester that was called the Politics of Food – now under new leadership called Rochester Roots – noted for connecting curriculum and gardening in elementary schools.  With two farmers, she was a co-founder of the first CSA in Western New York and also of the Center for Sustainable Living in the Genesee/Finger Lakes Region.   As a founding member of the NY Small Scale Food Processors' Association 10 years ago, she is basically an organizer for this volunteer organization and serves on the Board as secretary.

The New York Small Scale Food Processors' Association:
Resources for Adding Value and Advocacy

The NYSSFPA is a volunteer not-for-profit trade association offering information (insurance, regulations, etc.) to farmers and other processors wanting to add value to their produce or meats and marketing help for those wanting to grow their business.  The association engages in advocacy on issues such as fees and regulations, and it also presents educational workshops such as those to be offered in the North Country this fall (see our Workshops & Events page, scroll down to October dates for Value Added Training).


Colarusso, Kristin

Kristin Colarusso is the Nutrition Team Leader for Cornell Cooperative Extension for St. Lawrence County.  For the past five years, she has worked in the community to promote fresh, healthy, local foods in Northern New York.  Kristin is a gardener, composter, and beekeeper and is always learning.

Composting 101

The basics of backyard composting for homes and businesses.


Colbert, Diane   SATURDAY, 3:00 PM

Diane Colbert has been primarily employed in horticulture for the last 20 years and is currently the owner of Organic Landscape Solutions in Crary Mills, NY and a Tree Identification Specialist for the SLU Arboretum Project, helping to catalog the over 4000 trees on their extensively wooded campus.

Getting Started with Tree Identification

Does your tree ID manual sound like this..."obovate to elliptical, or nearly lanceolate; margin coursely crenate, or repand-crenate; apex rounded; base cuneate..."?  Having trouble with that? This session will focus on methods to get past some of the initial hurdles in identifying the trees that you will find in St. Lawrence County.


Collins, Caron

Ongoing demonstrations, Saturday only
Sun Oven solar cooker and Wonder Wash ecological laundry device

Don't want to waste electricity, firewood, gas or fossil fuels to cook? Don't want to heat up your home by cooking in the summer?   Learn how to cook, boil, and bake all your favorite dishes with using only the heat from the sun anytime of the year with a solar oven.  This compact, lightweight, inexpensive oven that will save you time, energy, and money and lessen your impact on the environment.  Caron Collins, A Better Footprint NY, has used this solar oven numerous times from baking cookies and pizza to cooking soups, casseroles, meats and stews.  She will demonstrate the many uses and benefits of the Sun Oven and how to get one of your very own.  Also, the ecological Wonder Wash will be demonstrated, Saturday only.

Caron Collins has been practicing sustainable living in the North Country for three years.  Originally from Columbus, Ohio, Caron is an assistant professor at The Crane School of Music and lives with her husband, oldest son, and 2 dachshunds in a log cabin in Pierrepont.  In addition to teaching, she sells fair trade world crafts and green gifts to support the artisans from the poorest countries.  Her passion is to lower her impact on the planet through ethical and ecological living practices.  One easy way to is to cook using the free and abundant heat from the sun with the Sun Oven, demonstrated at this workshop and sold at her home business, A Better Footprint NY.


Corse, Mike
Mike has lived off-grid in the woods of Pierrepont for the past six years.  When he is not busy in his gardens, he puts his chickens to work breaking down leaves and other organic material to mix with kitchen food scraps and humanure from the family's two composting toilets.  Applying the finished compost to the family's many gardens completes the cycle.

PANEL:  Composting Toilets

Mike Corse and Chelle Lindahl give brief presentations on "what we do and how we do it" with no water and insignificant odor -- indoors or out, both using and adding to local resources, and nearly for free.  Forty years combined experience living with solid-waste composting systems, at your "disposal."  Because when you flush it away, there IS no "away."


Curtis, Jeremiah
Jeremiah is a computer consultant full time and a gardener part time.

Saving Seeds: A Practical Primer   Saturday, 4:00 PM

Get some hands-on experience with saving seeds.  We will be tearing apart pumpkins, squash, tomatoes, and beans and learning how to preserve these seeds for next spring's planting.  Bring your questions about seed saving.


DeWaters, Jan
Jan has been living and gardening in the North Country for over 15 years and enjoyed many years of suburban gardening prior to coming here.  she has used the lasagna approach to create several vegetable and flower beds in the yard of her Potsdam village home and can attest to the virtues of this technique for folks who, like her, are finding that their back muscles are just not what they used to be!

Lasagna Gardens for Beginners, Saturday, 1:00 PM

"Lasagna" gardening is an easy way to get a garden started in a newly-claimed area (previously grass, weeds, etc.) that does not involved the labor of "turning the soil."  It takes more time for the garden to establish than the traditional method, but it's a great "lazy person" approach.  This session will give basic instructions for someone wishing to start a new garden or to expand an existing bed.  I'll provide a step-by-step technique, with lots of pictures and additional resources, and we'll have plenty of time for questions and answers.


Dillon, Susan
Susan Dillon is a relative newcomer to the area. She is a long time member of the Compact online group and is working towards developing her Adirondack homestead. Dedicated to the no'poo lifestyle of natural products, organic gardening and the reduction of plastic in everyday life, her goal is a living with as little negative impact on the Earth as possible.

Better Living without Chemicals:  Clean Your Body and Home without Toxic Chemicals

Learn the secrets of baking soda, white and apple cider vinegars, lemon juice and, of course, cloth rags instead of paper towels for housecleaning magic. Also featured are some homemade conditioners and facial creams -- there's a whole world of personal care that can be created in your home! 


Douglass, Rich and Aimee

Rich and Aimee Douglass have been living a low-tech lifestyle on their 160-acre, horse-powered farm in Russell for the last 30 years without electricity or traditional running water.

Unusual Crops: Sorghum, Rice, Grains, Tobacco (for smoking or insecticide)
With a little planning and ingenuity, the North Country can be an ideal home for growing a variety of crops you wouldn't normally consider (or hear of).
Ice Cutting for Home Refrigeration
In a traditional home, the refrigerator is the largest expense of your utility bill.  Learn how to keep foods cool and fresh without electricity.


Endres, Patreesha
For 25 years, I have lived on an organic farm in St. Lawrence County learning all I can about plants and how to cultivate a healthy relationship with the earth we live upon.  I have a wide interest in the healing arts and a willingness to share.

Aromatherapy for Health and Home       SATURDAY, 10:00 AM

Come learn to include Aromatherapy in your daily life for health, wellness, and pleasure.  We will discuss what happens in our bodies when we sniff a scent and how this affects our physical, mental and emotional health.  I will talk about 10 essential oils that make up a Basic Care Kit and will also bring oils to smell!


Fagerlund, Katie
Katie Fagerlund co-manages Birdsfoot Farm, an organic vegetable farm and intentional community in Canton, where she has been working for three years.  She recently built a tiny house on the farm and is currently in nursing school.

No More Excuses, I Can Do Window Curtains!

Dulli Tengeler and Katie Fagerlund of Birdsfoot Farm will give a hands-on workshop on how to make your own roll-up insulated window curtains.  It made a 10-degree difference in their house.


Ferro, Andrea

Dr. Andrea Ferro is an Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Clarkson University. She received her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in environmental engineering from Stanford University.  Her technical expertise is focused on indoor air quality and human exposure to particulate pollutants. The overall goal of her work is to improve human health by improving the quality of the air we breathe through source control, ventilation and purification strategies, and education. 

Creating a Healthy Indoor Environment
Most people spend the majority of their time indoors, breathing indoor air.  Indoor air composition is very different than outdoor air and often contains higher levels of pollutants. The most important thing you can do to create a healthy indoor environment in your home or business is to limit exposure to indoor air pollutants either by source control or ventilation. This talk will focus on the main sources of indoor pollutants approaches to creating healthier indoor environments while meeting energy efficiency goals.



Figueras, Anita
Anita Figueras has been an avid knitter since 1984 and started learning how to spin yarn this year. Primarily self- and book-taught, she considers herself to be a solid craftsperson who is just starting to understand some of the deeper underpinnings of the art of knitting. She has degrees in art studio and accounting, and is the Finance and Personnel Manager at Cornell Cooperative Extension of St. Lawrence County.

Hand-knitted Socks - Architecture and Options

The humble sock has been knitted for centuries, and is one of the most fascinating garments a knitter can make. Sock design and sock materials have flowered in recent years, as creative minds have designed yarns that pattern themselves and new ways to create the shape of a sock. We’ll cover top-down, toe-up, gussets, self-patterning yarn, durability, and needle choices including the magic loop. A hand-out of web-based resources will be provided.


Francisco, Jackson
Jackson has built homes on both American coasts and is currently working on one in Potsdam with Erik Schulze Construction.  Jackson and Deborah live with a lovely earthen roof garden and are spending their last season, most likely, in their long-time yurt home.

Earth Oven Design & Construction for Outdoor Baking

Ongoing demonstration of baking in a hand-made Earth Oven, as well as construction ideas.  An Earth Oven allows you to bake fresh home-made breads and other foods in summer without over-heating your home!


Gardner, David
David is the Science Advisor and Community Outreach for the Adirondack Public Observatory in Tupper Lake.  He was a featured speaker at the North Country Energy Fair (2009) and The Wild Center Museum.  In addition to being a Clarkson graduate (1989), former Army Office (full R.O.T.C. scholarship), Bausch and Lomb Science Award winner, and science teacher (physics, astronomy, meteorology, environmental science, earth science), he is the author of two books: Whispers from the Stone Age: A Wild Ride through Nature and Human History, and The Secret Behind the Secret: Exposing the Strangeness of Nature and the Mysteries of the Mind.

The Bizarre Secrets Behind Sunshine, Food, and YOU!
A hungry scientist takes you on a mysterious and humorous tour from the heart of a star to the corn on your plate, including: 1) The Food Calorie - what is it really?  2) James Joule, the Family Brewery, and the Ghost in the Machine, 3) Einstein's famous (food) Equation and The Sun, 4) What's for dinner?  Answer: DNA..., 5) Food vs. Entropy - are we breaking the law? and 6) Gravity, Atoms, Food and You.


Aviva Gold is Associate Director of Garden Share, a nonprofit organization working to end hunger and strengthen the local food network in the North Country.  We envision a North Country where all of us have enough to eat and enough to share--where our food choices are healthy for us, our community, and the environment.

MORE than Local Food--The North Country's Community-based Food System
A local food system takes more than just a few farmers.  We need policy, access, and market infrastructures to support that system.  Join us for a participatory workshop designed to describe our current regional food system and spark debate about its future.


Goldstein, Eddie

Eddie Goldstein has cooked and heated exclusively with wood for the past 25 years. More recently he became inspired to "clean up his act", aware that visible wood smoke is both toxic to most life and is  "thrown away" heat value from precious (albeit renewable) trees. 

Rocket Stoves: Clean, Efficient, Easy to Make Wood (Twig + Stick) Burners for Cooking and Heating

A basic introduction to cooking with "found" fuel. Rocket stoves technology is simple and its efficiency comes from understanding the living processes of fire. There will be a discussion of the history and operating principles as a demonstration with a home-made "down draft down feed" version (weather-dependent).   


Gorr, Mike and Kathy

Michael Gorr is a semi-retired Professor of Philosophy who now lives near Skaneateles Lake in Niles, NY.  He serves on the hydrofracking subcommittee for the town of Skaneateles.

This workshop will provide an explanation of what non-conventional natural gas drilling (aka "hydrofracking") is, together with an account of the potential risks it poses to our water, our air, and the quality of our life in rural New York. 


Grimberg, Stefan
Stefan J. Grimberg (Associate Professor, Clarkson University) completed his Ph.D. in 1995 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Since that time he has been a faculty member and is now the Chair of the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Clarkson University.  He received his Diploma in Chemical Engineering from the Technical University of Munich, Germany, and his Master's in Environmental Engineering from the University of North Carolina at chapel Hill.  Dr. Grimberg's research focuses on delineating the role of microorganisms on contaminant transport in atmospheric and aqueous systems.  Most recently, he and his students are investigating the most efficient process to convert farm waste into biogas using anaerobic digestion.  Other research projectsinvolve the development of biofilters to remove trace contaminants from surface water run-off and to start up an aerobic digestion system treating Clarkson's cafeteria waste.

Shannon Gibson and Ian McCrum have been involved in the project for almost three years.  Shannon and Ian are both seniors at Clarkson University and are pursuing civil and chemical engineering bachelor's degrees respectively.  Shaun Jones currently is a Master's of Engineering student in civil engineering at Clarkson University.  He has been involved with dairy waste to energy projects for the past three years focusing on process control systems.

Converting Manure and Other Farm Waste into Energy Using Anaerobic Digestion: Can This Be Done Economically on Smaller Farms?
The workshop will provide a brief overview of anaerobic digestion of farm waste.  Particular attention will be given to smaller systems using packed bed manure and other feedstocks to generate biogas.  The workshop will present results from an ongoing study funded by the US EPA P3 (people, planet and prosperity) program.  The goal of this study is the design of a small-scale digester system and a determination whether these types of systems will be economically viable in a North Country climate.  We will provide data from our laboratory studies and then tour the prototype system being assembled at the Cornell Cooperative Extension farm.

Hayes, Corey

I received a Master's degree in Agriculture Education from Oswego State University after completing my undergraduate work at Morrisville State College in Agriculture Business Management and Animal Science. The education I have received within the agriculture industry has been vast.  Growing up on a family dairy in Northern New York taught me the responsibility, time management and organizational skills necessary to achieve the goals that I have set in my life. Over the past six years I have devoted much of my life to exploring the world of agriculture through my education, capitalizing on every opportunity available within the agriculture industry.  My experience and knowledge is livestock-based, with some time devoted to environmental issues, renewable energy and various other facets of the agriculture industry.

Fundamentals of Poultry Production: What You Need To Know
The presentation will cover the basic concepts that anyone looking to raise their own poultry needs to know, from purchasing chicks, nutrition and housing to processing. The presentation will talk about different approaches to poultry productions and how individuals can customize their approach.

Raising Rabbits Successfully: The Art and Science

This workshop will cover the basic knowledge needed to raising rabbits for meat. With over twenty years of experience raising rabbits, I have seen it all. The presentation will offer techniques on housing, nutrition and breeding management and give individuals some insight on the benefits to raising rabbits for meat production.


Hetzler, Paul
Paul is a father of two, a semi-subsistence farmer, an arborist and part-time Cooperative Extension educator with a seasonal addiction to jam-making.

Rose Hips to Road Kill: One Perspective on Canning on the Cheap
Learn how to can food using found equipment (and sometimes food) and an outdoor fire or indoor range.


Hodge, Betsy
I am a Livestock Educator for St. Lawrence County Cornell Cooperative Extension and the Northern New York Region.  The Extension Farm raises beef and sheep for market on a rotational grazing system.  I also have a flock of hair sheep at home.

Raising Sheep

What you need to know to get started in raising sheep.  Workshop will briefly address housing, feeding, breed selection, and marketing depending on the level of the participants.

Multi-species Grazing to Get the Most out of Your Pasture
Grazing sheep and beef cattle together can benefit both species and improve pasture utilization.  Brent Buchanan joins me as we report on our multi-species grazing project conducted at the Extension Learning Farm during the summer of 2011.  See the actual fencing, animals and results.


Hohmeyer, Cathy
Cathy Hohmeyer is Co-Owner/Operator and Executive Chef of Lake Clear Lodge & Retreat for the past 23 years.  She is also the Northern Adirondack Chapter leader of the Weston A. Price Foundation promoting "Foods, Farms and Healing Arts," concentrating in food preparations that promote health and healing. 

Food Fermentation

Explore the delicious tastes and aromas that come from this age-old tradition for storing your vegetables, including authentic sauerkraut!



Jenkins, Jerry 
Jerry Jenkins is known for his work with the Wildlife Conservation Society and for his books about the Adirondacks.  The Adirondack Atlas, for one, is a collection of maps and stories, and it explores issues of regional significance such as climate change, acid rain, survival of farms and commercial forests, tourism and recreational use, and patterns of development.  Climate Change in the Adirondacks: The Path to Sustainability, published in association with the Wildlife Conservation Society, is a comprehensive look at the effects of climate change in the forest-rich upstate New York State park lands region, as well as sustainable solutions for reducing carbon emissions for the region.

Reading the Climate News
Jerry Jenkins talks about the complex issues surrounding climate change in our region.  His research for his books has provided him with a clear and no-nonsense approach to presenting these findings so that they are more easily understandable in an everyday context.


Juczak, Jim
James S. Juczak (53) of Adams Center, NY, is a former shop teacher of 25 years among many other things.  Jim and his wife, Krista and their family live at Woodhenge, a 55-acre intentional community with several other families they have invited to live there.  Writing (both articles and books), lecturing on a wide variety of self reliance topics, and inventing are amongst the things he does.  He also consults on off-grid energy system design.  His first book, The High Art and Subtle Science of Scrounging, has been in print for three years.  His second book, Water Supply Systems for the Homesteader, became available late last year. 

Build Your Own Deep Well Hand Pump
Jim will demonstrate how to build one of his deep well hand pumps.  It'll take an hour or maybe a bit more.  Jim will give ongoing demonstrations and talk about this and other projects he is inspired by.


Kays, Conor
Conor Kays is Manager of Residential/Commercial Sales and Design at Alternative Powers of NY, LLC in Syracuse, New York. 

Solar and Wind for Agricultural Business Sustainability
To sustain business, you need to sustain power.  Solar and wind power are renewable sources of energy that can be harnessed for optimal utility in several industries, particularly agriculture.  Come learn what types of systems can create alternative power using these non-fossil fuel sources.


Kepes, Betsy
Betsy Kepes works with wood in the summer when she is a Wilderness Trail Contractor in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness in Idaho.  During the fall she splits and stacks wood for her wood-heated, solar-powered home in the hills of Pierrepont.  When she has to go inside, she becomes a piano teacher and a freelance writer.

Women and Wood: How to Split and Stack Firewood Safely and Easily
Don't let the men in your life have all the fun.  Wood splitting doesn't require a masculine physique, and it's a great way to get some exercise while putting away fuel for the winter.  With a splitting maul and a metal wedge, anyone can learn to split open a big round of wood.  Women in the workshop will learn which types of tree are best for firewood and easiest to split.  Participants will practice using a maul and a wedge and learn various ways to stack firewood. 

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS:  Women should wear heavy shoes or work boots, long pants and a long-sleeved shirt.  Bring work gloves and glasses (sunglasses are fine) for eye protection.

Meet at the Cooperative Extension Farm for a short carpool to the instructor's home.  Return to the Farm within 90 minutes, or continue home.


Knight, Gene
I am a US Navy-trained Boiler Technician, General Contractor (Gene Knight Construction, est. 1980), insulation contractor, energy consultant, home renovator, Journeyman Carpenter Foreman, Construction Superintendent, Master Carpenter, full-time Vocational Instructor, construction trades (carpentry, drywall, electrical, plumbing, roofing, estimating, masonry, tile setting, framing, roofing, furniture building/refinishing).  I have been a resident of the area since 1978, having raised my children here, and am a graduate of both SUNY Canton and SUNY Potsdam.  I also own Eco Heat Sales, selling residential and commercial alternative heating systems, and Cabinets 4 U, locally and online.

Wood Gasification, the Efficient European Heating System
I will: 1) deliver a brief history of the utilization of wood gas throughout the world in its various configurations (lighting; cooking stoves; transportation in trucks, locomotives, cars and tractors; supplying heat sources for space heating, etc.); 2) explain how it is an efficient, safe, and cost-effective means of using a renewable resource readily available to residents of the North Country for heating our homes and businesses, leaving a zero carbon footprint, while utilizing our existing central heating systems (whether hydronic or forced air) as a delivery means; and 3) explain how efficiencies can be raised through storing produced BTU's in water for later release.  I will then open the forum to questions.


Lindahl, Chelle
Chelle is one of the co-coordinators for the Local Living Festival but her potty habits are no reflection upon her role with us.  She doesn't understand how some people can prefer to sit in a windowless, electrified cubicle to "do their business" when all of the great outdoors beckons.  She contemplates life daily from her slate-covered composting outhouse with her dog and two cats, who adorably wait and "do their business" when she does.

PANEL:  Composting Toilets
Mike Corse and Chelle Lindahl give brief presentations on "what we do and how we do it" with no water and insignificant odor -- indoors or out, both using and adding to local resources, and nearly for free.  Forty years combined experience living with solid-waste composting systems, at your "disposal."  Because when you flush it away, there IS no "away."

Manchester, Miles

Wood Stove Designs, Use and Tips
Ongoing demonstration, Saturday and Sunday.



McClellan, Robin

Robin McClellan is an Adjunct Instructor at Canton College teaching Introduction to Alternative and Renewable Energy and two of the Building Performance Institute classes that lead to certification to do home energy audits for NYSERDA.

Robin is also a great supporter of the Local Living Festival -- in his role with Seedcorn, as a host of benefit concerts on our behalf, and personally.  We are grateful to have friends like Robin!

Building Science for Homeowners: Why NOT Fiberglass
An overview of the science on how buildings work -- and don't work -- and why it's good to know.


McDermut, Whit
Honey producer Whit McDermut has been beekeeping since the 1970s.  He has seen a variety of changes over the past few decades that require beekeepers to use a little more hands-on management to keep bees healthy.

Raising Bees in Your Backyard
Join Whit in this fascinating look at how to generate up to 100 pounds of honey in a year with just one hive of bees!

Building Organic Matter
Like people, garden plants grow better when given healthy fuel.  Learn how to build your own organic matter for healthier crops, bees, and you.


Montan, Jon
Jon Montan has been a planner with the St. Lawrence County Planning Office since 1979, specializing in environmental issues.  He was instrumental in forming the St. Lawrence County Grass Energy Working Group in 2009, whose mission is: To develop a viable, local grass energy economy in the North Country that will displace fossil fuel use for space heating and hot water, increasing the local economic benefits and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

The Promise of Grass Energy

This workshop will acquaint participants with the potential of using grass grown on suitable land as a fuel and the activities of other groups in New York State and in the Northeast who have similar interests.  Most importantly, the session will explain what needs to happen to bring this fuel  to commercialization.


Montan, Kathy
We have a small farm where I kept a wool type breed of sheep for 25 years.  I also ran a spinning and weaving store in Canton for many years where I taught spinning, weaving and felting.  Although I no longer keep sheep, I enjoy making both practical items and doing artwork with wool.

Felting with Wool

This will be a demonstration of both wet felting and needle felting techniques.  Wet felting is used to make woolen cloth for hats, vests, etc., and needle felting is used for adding design to woolen clothing, making small objects, or doing artwork.  Only local wool is used.  Felting kits will be on hand for sale.


Mulvihill, Leanna
Leanna Mulvihill hails from New Paltz, NY, and is entering her senior year in Forest Engineering at SUNY Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF).  She will be presenting about FarmHack@ESF, an event she organized in conjunction with the national Young Farmers' Coalition, where farmers and designers of all disciplines can come together to invent solutions for small-scale, sustainable farming.

FarmHack @ SUNY~ESF

On September 17th in Syracuse, New York, farmers and a variety of designers will sit down and develop ideas for small-scale farming.  These designers will be biologists, engineers, landscape architects and policy experts, among others.  Leanna Mulvihill will be giving the scoop on the plans and preliminary prototypes this event will yield.  The focus will be on affordable solutions and using appropriate technology.

North Country Midwives
Panelists for the presentation sponsored by North Country Midwives:
1. Sharon De Joy, Nationally Board Certified and Florida Licensed Midwife,
    Professor in the Community Health Program at SUNY Potsdam.
2. Heather Hogan, Nationally Board Certified ande NYS Licensed Midwife,
    Private hospital practice with Massena OB-GYN.
3. Regina Willette, Nationally Board Certified and NYS Licensed Midwife,
    Private home birth practice.
4. Snow Harper-Moulton, RN, Childbirth Educator, Certified Lactation
    Consultant, Hospital and Homebirth Mother.

Mothers Naturally--Your Childbirth Choices
Four panelists describe the Midwifery Model of Care--a personalized and low intervention health care method for both childbirth and for women throughout their lifespans.  Information will also be discussed regarding the status of childbirth locally.


Pickard Palmer, Martha

Martha Pickard Palmer, M.S., CES, is a Certified Nutrition Specialist, CNS through the American College of Nutrition. She holds an M.S. degree in Human Nutrition from the University of Bridgeport and a B.S. from Cornell University. She is on the faculty of Hawthorn University and works with clients to improve their overall health through nutrition. Martha has worked in sustainable agriculture for 10 years and is a local foods advocate. She lectures throughout the Northeast on food, farming and health. She lives in the northern Adirondacks with here husband and two children. Learn more at   

Getting the Most Nutritional Bang for Your Buck: Five Superfoods to Harvest and Prepare for Vibrant Health
Come learn about five superfoods that can bring you and your family vibrant health.  All of the foods discussed will be available in your backyard or local farmers' market.  I will cover how to properly prepare these foods, what specific nutrients these foods provide, and how these foods can be supportive for specific health concerns.


Powers, Susan   
Susan E. Powers, PhD, PE is the Spence Professor in Sustainable Environmental Systems and Associate Director for Sustainability in the Institute for a Sustainable Environment at Clarkson University.  She is an advocate for using interdisciplinary projects and hands-on learning to promote energy and climate literacy among students from middle school through graduate school levels.  Dr. Powers has been actively involved in outreach activities to promote sustainability, including organizing the annual Youth Environmental and Energy Expo for students, offering energy and climate change workshops for area teachers, and speaking several times at the North Country Sustainable Energy Fair.

Watch Your Step! Calculate Your Carbon Footprint
What is a carbon footprint?  How big is yours?  What can you do to reduce your footprint?  Did you know that the average US citizen is responsible for approximately 20 metric tons of CO2 (carbon dioxide) each year, whereas the world average is only 4?  Join us to learn more about carbon footprint calculators, calculate your own, and work with experts to help you learn how to interpret the results to most effectively reduce your carbon footprint.  To make the most of this workshop, bring your 2010 year-end electricity and home heating bills and estimate the number of miles you drive each year.  Laptop computers will be available for your use.

Prudhomme, Relani
Please see the bio under Aluna Vaqueira.

Sustainable Art Outdoor Workshop

Join in for the fun!

Radigan, John
Dr. John Radigan has been on the faculty of Paul Smith's College for 26 years and holds the rank of Full Professor.  He earned his certification as a Permaculture Design Consultant in 2009 and recently earned a Permaculture Teacher Certification from the Cascadia Permaculture Institute in Cottage Grove, Oregon.  This fall he will be teaching for the first time a new course at Paul Smith's called "Introduction to Permaculture."  He has spoken on Permaculture to other area groups over the last year or so, most notably to the Society of Friends (Quakers) in Saranac Lake and the Laurentian Chapter of the ADK in Canton last November.  Originally from Syracuse, he is also a poet, a bagpiper, and an authority on the Reverence for Life ethics of Albert Schweitzer, of which Permaculture is the practical application. 

Permaculture: Life Raft on a Sea of Change

Permaculture is one of the most practical, comprehensive, and inspiring routes we have today to the kind of positive future we all hope for.  This workshop will provide an introductory overview of this exciting body of thought and practice and will have three parts.  The first will be a brief introductory talk (accompanied by handouts to take home) about what Permaculture is, why it is important, and how it works.  The second part will make this verbal sketch more vivid with a visual "take" on it in the form of a brief DVD filmed at the 8th International Permaculture Convergence held in Brazil in May 2007.  These two segments will be followed by a third devoted to questions and open discussion.  A selection of books and other materials will be available to look through, and a good basic bibliography of sources for further reading will be included in the handout mentioned above.  As we mobilize for what lies ahead, this information may well prove to be a crucial piece of the mental and spiritual equipment we include in our packs.

Rosales, Jon
Jon Rosales is currently Associate Professor of Environmental Studies at St. Lawrence University where he teaches classes that apply the motto, "Think global; act local."  He has published dozens of articles related to environmental affairs, most with a focus on climate change.  Threaded through his publications is a call to align human institutions within natural limits.  His current research focuses on the impacts of climate change on native subsistence villages in Alaska, making their concerns visible, advocating for their assistance, and calling on governments to act on climate change.  He is married to Matilda Larson, and they have two sons, Jacob and Aaron.

Thoreau Now!  From Fossil Fuels to Locavores
Henry David Thoreau is an inspiration to the locavore movement.  His writing forcefully captures the personal reasons why someone would adopt such a lifestyle.  But there are equally forceful reasons to adopt such a lifestyle that lie outside our minds.  Slavery compelled Thoreau to advocacy.  Climate change compels us to act as well.  His legacy is that we can find freedom by disassociating ourselves from a material culture.
NOTE: Jon's presentation will bridge the two days Featured Events, carrying us neatly through from the Moving Planet Fellowship Day to the Locavore Challenge Day of the Festival!

Rossner, Alan    

As Director of Environmental Health Science and Environmental Science & Policy undergraduate programs at Clarkson University, Alan Rossner, PhD, CIH, CSP, has teaching and research interests in human exposure to hazardous chemicals and agents.  He spent 10 years working in the industrial sector as an industrial hygienist, performing exposure assessments and implementing control systems.  Over the last decade he has taught and conducted research at Clarkson University in the area of Environmental health.  The environmental, health and safety challenges he observed while working in industry have evolved into research challenges.  Indoor air quality has become a predominant concern for many people due to the increased time we spend indoors, at work as well as at home.  Dr. Rossner received his M.S. in Environmental Health from the University of Washington at Seattle and his Ph.D. in Occupational Health from McGill University in Montreal.

Is Your "Green" House a Healthy House?

Air pollutant concentrations inside an energy-efficient tightly-sealed home can be significantly higher than outdoor levels.  These indoor air levels can be much more toxic than the air we experience outdoors.   However, outside of industrial workplaces the air quality isn't regulated by any agency in the US.  Modern construction methods introduce a variety of indoor air pollutants including glues, carpets, wall coverings, office machines, cleaning agents etc.  In addition, indoor air quality in homes is impacted by other sources of contamination including: asbestos, combustion fumes, pet allergens, cigarette smoke, radon and mold.  How do we measure the levels and how well do clean the air?  Together we will explore how some common products used in our homes can result in poor indoor air quality that may present risks to the occupants. 


Roy, Rob

Rob Roy is the director of Earthwood Building School in West Chazy, NY, founded with his wife Jaki in 1981.  He has written over a dozen books on alternative building.

Mortgage Free!: Innovative Strategies for Home Ownership
Mortgage derives from the old French, meaning, literally, death pledge. Learn what a mortgage really costs, and strategies that will enable you to bypass the death pledge altogether. Assembling the grubstake, procuring inexpensive land, the temporary shelter, and designing the low-cost home are just some of the strategies covered.
Earth Sheltered Houses and Living Roofs
Do-it-yourself underground housing is discussed and illustrated, with the accent on low-cost techniques such as plank-and-beam roofing and surface-bonded concrete block wall construction.  The detailed construction of light- and medium-weight living roofs is covered, including seven good reasons why all our roofs should be living.

Cordwood Masonry Building
Cordwood masonry is an ancient wall building technique by which walls are built of short logs - called “log-ends” - stacked transversely in the wall like a rank of firewood. The special insulated mortar matrix gives the walls exceptional thermal characteristics. Cordwood walls are beautiful and fun to build.
Timber Framing for the Rest of Us
The workshop covers timber framing as it is done by most contractors, owner-builders and farmers:  joining posts, beams, and rafters with commonly available mechanical fasteners and structural screws. Easy to build starter projects are featured in the power point presentation.


Shaw, Jim
I was a farmer from 1972-1988 when I went to work for two different ag equipment dealers until 1992.  I then went to work for the Town of Oswegatchie as a motor equipment operator to the present.  I have been married for 41 years to Phyllis and have 4 children and 6 grandchildren.

So the Electric Company Will Pay ME to Make My Own Electricity?
Sorting out the fact from fiction about "net metering".  From 7 years to 7 weeks, Jim Shaw and Margaret Weitzmann have lived with a utility grid-tied solar panel system providing much of their household electricity.  Learn how each of them went about it, what financial incentives they were able to access, how it's worked for them -- and have your questions answered by them.


Shipley, Scott

Scott Shipley is President and owner of Northern Lights Energy, Hermon, NY. Northern Lights Energy has been designing and installing on-grid and off-grid solar electric systems in St Lawrence County since 1996. He is eligible to access NYSERDA solar electric incentives for his clients and is NABCEP certified.

Scott also has extensive knowledge of energy efficiency in all types of buildings and is presently, in addition to installing solar electric systems, working as a senior energy analyst for Taitem Engineering. Taitem specializes in energy efficiency throughout NY and beyond. Most recently Scott has been conducting energy analyses of farms throughout the North Country.

 Scott attended Cornell University and has a certificate in electrical construction from SUNY Canton’s College of Technology. He has previously achieved certifications from the Building Performance Institute in building shell and heating, and multifamily building analysis and has been an Energy Star Home Certification rater.

Solar Electric for Your Home and Busin



Smith, Dave

Husband and father of three, Dave Smith has been a professor of psychology at SUNY Potsdam for 26 years, specializing in developmental psychology, and also works as a volunteer academic advisor for SUNY Potsdam student-athletes.  He earned a bachelor's degree from Muskingum College, Ohio, and master's and Ph.D. degrees from The Ohio State University.  You will often see Dave and his wife, Lora, strolling or biking through Potsdam.

Biking as a Green and Healthy Way to Get Around in the North Country
Biking to work (road conditions permitting), the grocery store, church, and more for the past 21 years, Dave has come to see bicycling as a green and enjoyable form of exercise: it gets him where he needs to be, is time-efficient (yes, it really can be!), allows him to enjoy and interact with nature and passersby at a slower-than-driving-yet-faster-than-walking pace, and it leaves gasoline lingering in the gas tank of his car.  He is not a fast bicyclist so it helps that this area is relatively bicycle-friendly, with fairly courteous and attentive drivers.  Contributions of thoughtful dialogue from members of the audience will be the order of the day at this open-discussion workshop.

Smith, Renee
Renee is a North country gal that returned to farm with her husband Roy.  They operate Sugar Hill Farm in DeKalb and have many happy CSA customers.  They raise pigs, beef, chickens and turkeys.  Their Tamworth pigs are raised mainly outside.  Renee runs a day care as well.

Raising Pigs
Get the scoop on raising these interesting animals as Renee shows pictures in her PowerPoint presentation and answers questions about pigs.



Mat Stein is an environmentalist, bestselling author, MIT-trained engineer, and green builder. He is dedicated to helping people wake up and unite to shift our collective course from collapse to global renaissance. An active mountain climber, Stein also serves as a guide and instructor for blind skiers.

Party Like It's 1929!   Could you get by, like your grandparents did back in 1929 when their jobs and savings evaporated? In the days of our grandparents, someone in each town knew how to grow, fabricate, or manufacture everything that was necessary to lead a reasonably comfortable life. Not so anymore! In a practical and entertaining manner, Stein presents a variety of skills, materials and preparations we should all have on hand to help us weather the storms of these changing times. It can bring great peace of mind to know that one has planned and prepared for a variety of scenarios.

Making Shift Happen: Transforming Collapse into Global Renaissance (Mat is currently working on a new book with this title.) When you extend any one of six major current trends to their natural conclusions, each of these trends becomes a civilization buster. Together they form a perfect storm leading to systemic collapse of the natural systems that maintain life as we know it on Planet Earth. First Mat shows us why “business as usual” is rapidly driving us towards the cliff of systemic collapse, then he inspires us with a vision of what we can and must do if we are to proactively unite to change the way we do business, thereby creating a world dedicated to the path of sustainability and Earth rejuvenation. Making Shift Happen will not be easy, but it is far better than the alternative.


Tengeler, Dulli

Dulli Tengeler grew up in Hamburg, Germany, did two years of formal apprenticeship on conventional farms in Germany and studied farming in Witzenhausen, Germany, for four years.  She has farmed 2.5 acres at Birdsfoot Farm for 20 years.  Her husband Steve and her two children Seba (17) and Kira (9) live with her in the solar house they built with hand tools.  The community has 7 adults and five children.  Dulli enjoys going to the alternative movie series Cinema 10 and playing at the St. Lawrence String Orchestra.  In the winter she returns to Germany to visit with her family.

Answers to Questions About Growing Organic Food
Dulli farms at Birdsfoot Farm, an intentional community since 1972.  She and Katie Fagerlund grow vegetables, flowers,
and herbs for the community, a growing CSA, the Canton Farmers Market, the Potsdam Food Co-op and two Grower Co-ops.  They work fairly intensively, seeding, weeding and harvesting by hand, and using a variety of cover crops. If you've ever wondered about how organic food is grown, this is the perfect place to ask questions.

No More Excuses, I Can Do Window Curtains!
Dulli Tengeler and Katie Fagerlund of Birdsfoot Farm will give a hands-on workshop on how to make your own roll-up insulated window curtains.  It made a 10-degree difference in their house.


Tyree, Mel
Mel earmed a B.A. in physical chemistry from Pomona College and a Ph.D. in biophysics from Cambridge University.  He has done research on energy and mass movement in living organisms most of of his career, so when he designed his sustainable house, he found that the same equations apply.  He now does research and lecturing on sustainable building design.  He is Professor of Renewable Resources at the University of Alberta.

Mel Tyree is also a sponsor of the Local Living Festival for which we are grateful.

Zero Carbon Emission Homes: Cost-effective Homes of the Future
Mel Tyree will give a personalized account of how he designed and built a cost-effective retirement home in Ellenburg, NY, in 2007.  This home burns no carbon-based fuels (no fossil fuels and no bio-fuels).  The cost of energy to run houses over the life of homes exceeds the cost of construction, hence the astute buyer of the future should consider the total cost of ownership.  This talk will include design criteria, cost of building, projected savings, and measured data on actual savings and energy use to operation the house.  All energy to run Mel's house comes from the sun and wind.  Examples of other zero-carbon homes will be given.


Vaqueira, Aluna

Aluna Vaqueira, also known as Relani Prudhomme, is the Founder of ABADÁ Capoeira Northern New York (ACNNY). She has trained with capoeiristas in San Francisco and Rio de Janeiro and has been providing classes, lectures, workshops, demonstrations, and performances in the Northern New York region since 1998 with the mission to spread the physical, mental, social, and spiritual benefits of the art of capoeira to our community.  She offers workshops at the Yoga Loft in Canton, participates in the Visiting Arts Program for local schools, is the instructor for the SLU Capoeira Club (since its beginning in 2003), and teaches ongoing community classes.  She will be offering a new children's class this fall in the Canton Daycare Center studio space located at the Maplewood Campus in Canton.

Outdoor Workshops:  Capoeira and Maculelê
In Capoeira, we are the storytellers, recreating ourselves as well as our past, present, and our future.  Learn basic structure, movements, songs, and meanings of these traditional Afro-Brazilian communal folk arts.  Get up and move with the energetic rhythmic stick dance of Maculel
ê or the acrobatic and dance-like game of Capoeira.  Loose-fitting clothing is recommended.  All ages are welcome.  Small children must be accompanied.  Two 45-minute workshops (one of each) will be held on both Saturday and Sunday. 

Outdoor Demonstrations:  Capoeira and Maculelê
Brief demonstrations of these two arts plus information on their instruments and movements (10-15 minutes).

How the Communal Art of Capoeira Can Strengthen the North Country
The joyful, musical, and powerfully expressive art of capoeira emerged as a way for a people to preserve their culture and identity in the face of the dehumanizing condition of slavery.  This indoor lecture will explore how capoeira can help to strengthen our community by empowering us to be the creators--not just passive consumers--of art, and by deepening our level of trust, connection, and social support. 


Vitek, Bill
Bill Vitek is Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at Clarkson University in Potsdam, New York, where he has taught philosophy and ethics for 24 years. Vitek's research and writings are centered on the intersection between social practices and the environmental, cultural, and historical contexts in which they occur. His current focus is on the substantial cultural and social changes that will be necessary in our lifetimes to live without easy access to cheap, carbon-based energy in the form of soils, forests, oil, natural gas and coal. He collaborates with Wes Jackson, and they have two co-edited books together:  Rooted in the Land: Essays on Community and Place, and The Virtues of Ignorance: Complexity, Sustainability and the Limits of Knowledge. Vitek was the W. Ford Schumann Professor in Democratic Studies at Williams College in 2010-11, and a 2007 Visiting Scholar with The Center for Humans and Nature and with The Land Institute.

Food for Thought, Thought for Food:  Toward a Culture of Limits and Prosperity
This presentation will introduce the notion of two cultures--the formal culture and the material culture--and their interplay in the sustainability movement.  New fundamental principles and deep philosophical concepts are needed that describe and formulate the need for limits (the formal culture); as are new ways to live and work day-to-day in a sun-powered ecosphere (the material culture).  Neither culture alone is sufficient for the work of transitioning to a sun-powered economy, but together they just might get us out of the mess we’re in.


Weitzmann, Margaret
North Country resident since 1960.  Born in New Jersey; spent significant time in Vermont, Massachusetts, Colorado, Ohio, and Ontario.  Four-time mom, 6-time grandma, 2x great-grandma.  Studied painting, writing, Russian, Library science.  Reported on and was active in the Powerline Fight, Akwesasne crises, many other North Country environmental, labor and social issues.  Currently stand 11-12 Saturdays in front of the Potsdam Post Office waving a "Honk for Peace" sign with Vets for Peace.  A longtime Seedcorn member and officer.  A voracious reader.  If not a born rebel, a professed radical since age 21.  That's 63 years! 

So the Electric Company Will Pay ME to Make My Own Electricity?
Sorting out the fact from fiction about "net metering".  From 7 years to 7 weeks, Margaret Weitzmann and Jim Shaw have lived with a utility grid-tied solar panel system providing much of their household electricity.  Learn how each of them went about it, what financial incentives they were able to access, how it's worked for them -- and have your questions answered by them.


Welch, Bryan   
Bryan Welch is the publisher of Mother Earth News, an author, and a farmer.  He is well known for his optimism, sense of humor and his commitment to empowering people to live their own versions of the good life. His work is a green business success story, demonstrating unequivocally that it is possible to do well in business without destroying natural or human resources.

Beautiful and Abundant: Building the World We Want 
While there is "doom and gloom" reporting about the serious issues facing humanity and the planet, it is refreshing to listen to the voice of possibility and be reminded that our challenges provide a great opportunity to envision a new future.

Youmell, Paula
Paula Youmell, RN, MS, is a Local Whole Food Nutrition and Holistic Health Educator/Coach, Certified Herbalist, Reiki Master, and NYS Licensed Health and Fitness Educator with a passion for *REAL* FOOD, Holistic Healing and Living. 

Baking Whole Food Treats: Cooking & Baking the Healthy Way

Paula's presentation is on whole foods based on baking goodies such as  cakes, cookies, pies, and so forth using whole grain flours and unrefined sugars (and all whole food ingredients).  After a brief explanation of what whole foods are and why they are essential to health and cellular regeneration, I will then show people how to convert the average "treat" or "goody" recipe in their cookbook so they do not need to run out and get new cookbooks.  I also bring ingredients for the "before and after" recipes to visually display the difference.